Immunocytochemistry (ICC) is a technique for the visualization of proteins and peptides in cells using biomolecules capable of binding the protein of interest. Usually the biomolecule is an antibody that is linked to a reporter, e.g. a fluorophore, fluorescent dye, or enzyme. The reporter will give rise to a signal, e.g. fluorescence or color from an enzyme reaction, which is then detectable by a microscope.
Immunocytochemistry is often performed in four sequential steps:
- Cell seeding on a solid support
- Immunostaining of cells: cells are fixed, permeabilized, and stained with antibodies.
- Imaging: cells are visualized using a microscope and images acquired
- Image analysis
There are two different immunocytochemistry assay which include indirect and direct immunocytochemistry technique.
Direct immunocytochemistry assay involves the use of a detectable tag (e.g., fluorescent molecule, gold particles, etc.,) directly to the antibody that is then allowed to bind to the antigen (e.g., protein) in a cell. This method is rapid and specific.
Indirect immunocytochemistry assay involves antigen binding by a primary antibody which is then amplified by use of a secondary antibody which binds to the primary antibody. This method is more laborious and time-consuming, and a risk of non-specific binding of the secondary antibody.
Lightning-Link® for direct antibody labeling
Innova Biosciences provides Lightning-Link® innovative technology that enables direct labelling of antibodies or proteins for use in immunoassay applications like Immunocytochemistry. The simplification of the conjugation process effectively circumvents issues like low sensitivity.
Innova Biosciences Lightning-Link® product range includes kits for labelling antibodies with fluorescent dyes, fluorescent proteins, allowing quick and easy production of antibody conjugates. To produce the conjugate, the antibody is simply pipetted into a vial of lyophilized Lightning-Link® mixture containing the label of interest, incubated, and is then ready for use.
The Benefits of Lightning-Link® include:
- Require only 30 seconds hands-on time
- 100% recovery of materials
- The technology is fully scalable from 10ug to 1 g or more
- Stringently QC tested for consistent high quality
- Excellent batch-to-batch reproducibility.
The use of directly labelled primary antibodies demonstrates a similar level of staining to that which is produced when labeled secondaries are used.
To find out more about Lightning-Link®, why not watch our video?Click to read more
Using Lightning-Link® conjugates for Immunocytochemistry – references Directly labeling primary antibodies using Lightning-Link® kits produces conjugates that can be used in a variety of scientific applications. Take a look at some of the published research in the table below that has used Lightning-Link® technology to produce conjugates for use within Immunocytochemistry… Title Pubmed ID Label…View
Lightning-Link® from Innova Biosciences is an innovative technology that enables direct labeling of antibodies, proteins, peptides or any other biomolecule which has free amine groups. These easy to use kits require just 30 seconds hands-on time and, with no separation steps involved, 100% of the biomolecule is recovered. Lightning-Link® conjugates are highly stable, and with…View
Download a Free Copy Lightning-Link® fluorescent antibody and protein labeling kits allow you to covalently label any antibody in under 20 minutes with only 30 seconds hands-on time. We currently have over 35 label in our range of fluorescent dyes. This guide provides a general overview of each fluorochrome in our range including…View
The affinity of streptavidin for biotin is the strongest non-covalent biological interaction known, with a dissociation constant (Kd) in the femtomolar range. Each streptavidin monomer can bind one biotin molecule, allowing a streptavidin protein to maximally bind four biotins. The streptavidin-biotin interaction In addition to the strength of the interaction, the binding of streptavidin to…View
Antibodies are widely employed in the quantification of antigens in complex biological samples. Using techniques such as Western blotting, ELISA, and immunohistochemistry researchers are able to measure a single antigen, or perhaps a limited number of antigens, in each sample. In the post-genomics era, advances in multiplex immunoassay technologies now allow scores or even hundreds…View
Innova Biosciences specializes in easy to use bioconjugation kits which enable the direct labeling of antibodies or proteins with enzymes, fluorescent labels, biotin, streptavidin, gold nanoparticles, latex beads or oligonucleotides. Unfortunately, many antibodies are provided in buffers which contain additives that are incompatible with labeling technologies, making puri cation a key consideration prior to carrying…View
Antibodies are used to detect and quantify antigens in techniques such as flow cytometry, ELISA, western blotting, immunohistochemistry and lateral flow. The antibody that binds to the antigen is called a ‘primary antibody’ and it confers specificity to the assay. Most types of immunoassays also incorporate a ‘label’ whose purpose is to provide measurability. Assays…View
Stop using secondary antibodies in immunoassays! Save time and materials by labeling your primary antibodies in under 20 min. For use in ELISA, western blotting, IHC, flow cytometry and many other applications. Scientists love our Lightning-Link® kits because of the remarkable simplicity of the technology. Now they can open a…View
Dr Nick Gee, the CEO and CSO of Innova Biosciences, explains the benefits of using directly conjugated antibodies and the various approaches and techniques that researchers can use in their own labs. The webinar covers: Why conjugate your antibody? What are the main chemical approaches? Is there a 'best' method?…View